Basic Crochet Stitches

To practice these crochet stitches, grab your crochet hook and some scraps of yarn!  When you start each stitch (except the 1st chain), you should have one loop on your hook from the previous stitch.

Every crochet project starts with a foundation chain.  The slip knot counts as the 1st chain, and the loop still on the hook at the end of the chain does not.

Chain (ch)

  • Make a slip knot.
  • Insert hook into the slip knot.
  • Yarn over and pull through. (1 loop on hook)
  • Continue to yarn over and pull through to create more chain stitches.

Turning Chain

  • At the end of a row, you will need to make a turning chain to give the next row proper height.  This turning chain will count as the first stitch of the row.  Make your second stitch in the loop of the second stitch of the previous row.
  • Before starting a row of Single Crochet, Chain 1
  • Before starting a row of Half-Double Crochet, Chain 2
  • Before starting a row of Double Crochet, Chain 3

Single Crochet (sc) [UK – double crochet (dc)]

  • Insert hook into the top loop of the next stitch/next opening.
  • Yarn over and pull through.  (2 loops on hook).
  • Yarn over again and pull through both loops.  (1 loop on hook)

Half Double Crochet (hdc) [UK – half treble crochet (htr)]

  • Yarn over.  (2 loops on hook).
  • Insert hook into the top loop of the next stitch/next opening.  Yarn over and pull through.  (3 loops on hook).
  • Yarn over and pull through three remaining loops (1 loop on hook).

Double Crochet (dc) [UK – treble crochet (tr)]

  • Yarn over.  (2 loops on hook).
  • Insert hook into the top loop of the next stitch/next opening.  Yarn over and pull through.  (3 loops on hook).
  • Yarn over and pull through two loops (2 loops on hook).
  • Yarn over and pull through last two loops (1 loop on hook).

Slip Stitch (sl st) 

  • Insert hook into the top loop of the next stitch/next opening
  • Yarn over and pull through. (2 loops on hook)
  • Slip the first loop on the hook through the new loop.  (1 loop on hook)