Yarn can be made out of pretty much anything! From the standard wool and cotton, to artificial acrylic and polysester to the strangely wonderful rabbit wool and eco-friendly wood chips!
- Mercerized Cotton (aka Pearl or Pearle): cotton processed to a shiny finish
- Egyptian Cotton: longest cotton fiber, smooth & soft
- Pima Cotton: cross between Egyptian & American Cotton
- American Cotton: medium-long fiber, easy to dye
Other Plant-Based Fibers
- Linen: Made from Flax
Yes, silk is an animal fiber! The silk worm spins itself a cocoon, and this cocoon is then boiled, separating the cocoon into a long string of very fine silk.
- Mulberry Silk
Wool is made from the fleece of sheep. When most people think of wool, they think of sheep and itchy sweaters. Short-fiber wool is itchy, but Long-fiber wool isn’t! (I myself get a severe allergic reaction to short-fiber wool and pre-spun wool fibers, but I can work with, and wear, long-fiber yarn!)
- Lamb’s Wool: from a lamb’s first shearing
- Merino Wool: finest of fine breeds
- Shetland Wool: the small and hardy native sheep of the Shetland Islands (Scotland)
- Icelandic Wool: rustic, strong, somewhat scratchy
- Alpaca: Alpaca fleece is hypoallergenic.
- Mohair: From Angora goats
- Cashmere: from Kashmir goats
- Angora: From the hair of Angora Rabbits
- Rayon: made from purified cellulose, primarily from wood pulp. Varieties include Viscose, Modal, & Lyocell
- Railroad Ribbon
- Faux fur
- Tweed: background color with flecks of differently colored fibers
- Heather: Blended from a number of differently colored fleeces, then spun
- Marled (Ragg): Plied yarn, plies are different colors
- Variegated: dyed in several different colors or shades.
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